About the Journal

Journal of Aziz Fatimah Medical and Dental College (JAFMDC)

The Journal of Aziz Fatimah Medical and Dental College is an open access biannual medical journal that has received recognition from the Higher Education Commission (HEC) and is indexed with DOAJ. It offers a platform for medical professionals and scholars to publish their research in all fields of medical study, including advance, basic, and clinical research. The journal aims to provide the latest updates and advancements in the medical field, and facilitate the synchronization of medical knowledge.

The journal is published twice a year, both in print and online, with no cost to authors for submissions and publications. All articles submitted undergo a rigorous double-blind peer-review process by two expert reviewers, to maintain the quality of articles, build public trust in the profession, and ensure trust among readers, authors, contributors, researchers, and reviewers. The journal follows the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE) for editing and ethics.

The journal's accomplishments in obtaining recognition from HEC and being indexed with DOAJ, IMEMR Index Medicus, Plastic, and Scilit are noteworthy. It is also a member of Crossref, and it assigns digital object identifiers (DOI) to each article to enhance visibility. In the future, the journal intends to expand its indexing to other databases, such as Web of Science, Scopus, EBSCO and Medline, to increase its visibility and influence in the scientific community.

Aims & Scope:

The aim of the JAFMDC is to promote innovative research in academia and to provide free of cost  platform to researchers  with eminence contribution towards the scientific community to publish their value research work in form of original articles, systemic reviews/meta-analysis,short communications  and case reports. Being a medical journal we also aims is to improve the  health care system focusing on all the areas of health and medical sciences .  We publish  the articles in all the fields of medical, dental, nursing and Allied health sciences. We also encouraged the articles of medical education. 

It is a open access double blind peer reviewed medical journal for the provision, promoting consistency in pursuing relevent scientific themes and dessimination of high quality medical research worldwide. We aim to index our journal with various databases for easy search of scientific literature and increasing citations.

Open Acess Policy

JAFMDC provides online free and open access to all of its research publications as Research is the outcome of an investment by society and hence its fruits should be returned to all people without any limitation or discrimination, thence serving society universally and in a transparent fashion.


  • Publish original, peer-reviewed articles in English language with strong emphasis on quality and originality on a broad range of medical topics.
  • Publish article with high ethical standards.
  • Promote critical thinking, ensure academic integrity, and encourage medical post- graduate and undergraduate students to expand their writing skills.
  • Promote innovative developments in the medical sciences to improve health care practices.
  • Updates healthcare professionals, bio researchers and students about the recent developments and discoveries in health sciences.
  • Provide physicians with continuing education in basic and clinical science to support informed clinical decisions.
  • Synchronize the knowledge of physicians to remain informed in multiple areas of medical arena.
  • Improve public health internationally by raising the quality of medical care, disease prevention, and research provided by an informed readership.
  • Foster responsible and balanced debate on controversial issues that affect medicine and health care.
  • Highlight common issues and trends in medicine and health care.
  • Display social responsibility to improve well-being of individuals and integrity of science.
  • Accomplish the highest level of ethical medical journalism.
  • Achieve Timely, credible, and informative publications

Selection of editorial board:

JAFMDC will follow the recommendations of International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), COPE guidelines, higher education commission (HEC) policies in selection of editorial board, peer reviewer, authorship and all the steps till publication of articles.

  • Editorial board is headed by medical personnel.
  • Chief editor has editorship experience
  • Highly qualified editorial members from various disciplines and capabilities have been selected by editor in chief.
  • Editorial members have strong research background
  • 25% of the editorial board members selected from outside the institutes
  • To ensure the smooth functioning of the journal, the Editors are responsible for conducting the Editorial Board meetings on a regular basis

Editorial policy:

  • The study has not been published (partly or as a whole) before or is not under consideration for publication elsewhere (except as an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis);
  • Authorship will be according to the guidelines by ICMJE as required by PM&DC and HEC.
  • A submitted article will be process through double blind peer review system by subject expert.
  • Articles with the highest ethical standards with reverence to plagiarism will consider for publication.
  • JAFMDC will accept manuscripts prepared in accordance with recommendations of ICMJE.
  • Publication misconduct will be dealt with according to COPE guidelines.
  • The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results.
  • Any author can publish only one article in an issue as 1st author.
  • The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring article publication has been approved by all co-authors.
  • After the publication of the paper author dispute related issues will not be entertained.
  • Any change in the authorship (such as addition or deletion of author(s) or change in the sequence of author list after submission of an article will not be entertained.
  • Undertaking will be obtained from the author to prevent duplicate publication.
  • Website for JAFMDC with complete archives will be maintained.
  • Submission of article doesn’t guarantee the publication of article.
  • Self -institutional authorship will not exceed 1/5th of total articles.
  • Articles of editorial board members will not be published.

Plagiarism and similarity index:

This journal strongly opposes the practice of duplicate publication or any type of plagiarism.

  • This journal seeks to advance the state of medical art by publishing the highest quality scientific research and such quality cannot be achieved if plagiarism is abided. a Plagiarism policy of the journal is as per HEC, PMDC, COPE and ICMJE guidelines. To check the similarity index all articles must be processed through turnitin software as per HEC guidelines. Turnitin is the best anti-plagiarism application serving to promote academic reputation through original writing.
  • As per ICJME Guidelines If the report has a similarity index ≤19%, then benefit of doubt may be given to the author but, in case, any single source has a similarity index >=5% without citation then it needs to be revised and will be sent back to the author for revision to bring similarity index down to the permissible limit.
  • After revision, it will again be processed through the same software for checking its originality. After a satisfactory report, it will be sent to reviewers for peer review
  • Articles with a similarity index within more than 19% will not be published
  • The similarities in the document may contain matches with author's previous work; it may be ignored if it is the same work.

ICMJE Recommendations for Authorship & Acknowledgement

i) Authorship criteria:

The ICMJE recommends that authorship should be based on the following 4 criteria:

  1. Substantial contributions to the concept,design of the work; acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data for the work.
  2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
  3. Final approval of the version to be published.
  4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship.

ii) Acknowledgement Criteria:

Contributors who do not meet all the above mentioned four criteria for authorship, but helped in the study, may be listed in the acknowledgement section.


Detailed contribution made by each author will be required at the time of submission of the manuscript.

Peer reviewer: (COPE guidelines/ ICMJE).

Peer reviewers play a pivotal and critical part in the review process and ensuring the integrity of the scholarly record. Peer reviewer should be aware of ethical obligations recommended by COPE and review article with responsibility and unbiased. If reviewer has conflict of interest should report to editor to prevent bias.

Appropriate expert reviewers from various disciplines will be selected by editorial board for unbiased, independent, and critical assessment of articles to improve the quality of manuscript. Reviewers with various specialties can be modified according to their responses.

Submitted manuscripts will initially undergo internal peer review. A manuscript with plagiarism and poor quality will be rejected in house and appropriate articles will be sent for double-blind external peer reviews by two subject experts. Any publication misconduct will be dealt according to COPE's guidelines.

Original articles authored by the editorial board are also externally peer reviewed.

Editorials authored by the editor-in-chief will not be subjected to an external peer review.

Conflict of interest:

All participants including author, peer reviewer and editorial board must disclose conflict of interest if any. Reviewers and editorial board must rescue themselves from reviewing and taking final decisions about a specific manuscript if they have a conflict of interest. (ICMJE guidelines)


Prior to research, informed consent should be taken from each participant by the researcher and information about the patients should be kept confidential and not be published. (ICMJE guideline)

All the manuscripts submitted to JAFMDC will be kept confidential as they are the author’s private, confidential property. Peer Reviewers also must maintain the confidentiality of reviewed manuscripts. This applies both during and after the publication process. Journal keeps a record of published articles for at least three years and rejected articles are deleted from backup (ICMJE criteria).


Editors will ensure the timely processing of manuscripts with the resources available to them.

Authors retain copyright of their work and can deposit their publication in any repository. The work can be freely shared and adapted provided that appropriate credit is given to actual source . JAFMDCis fully compliant with open access mandates, by publishing its articles under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Creative Commons License

Ethical Approval of Research:

Every original article submitted to JAFMDC should have ethical approval by the ethical review board of the institution.

All case reports require approval from the head of the department. A statement should be included showing informed consent prior to publication of a case report.


Editorial decisions will be based on the relevance of a manuscript to the journal and on the manuscript’s originality, quality, and contribution to evidence about an important questions.


The corresponding author of articles will have a responsibility to respond to substantial criticisms of their work using those same mechanisms and will be asked by editors to respond. Authors of correspondence will be asked to declare any competing or conflicting interests.

Correction and Retraction Policies:

Author found guilty in any type of misconduct including falsification /fabrication will be dealt with COPE guideline. Information on COPE Retraction Guidelines can be found on link below: https://publicationethics.org/files/u661/Retractions_COPE_gline_final_3_Sept_09__2_.pdf

As suggested by ICMJE, corrections are needed for errors of fact. During proof stage, before publication, JAFMDC sends the final PDF version of the article to the corresponding author to identify any errors to be corrected by the journal and publish article after approval of the final version by the author .

Significant Errors identified after publication by authors or readers are corrected in PDF copy of the online version.

Data availability statement:

Authors are encouraged to give the data availability statement in manuscript whether data supporting finding of the  article is publically available or available on request or not.

Digital Archiving Policy: 

JAFMDC  supports digital archiving to ensure the security and accessibility of the data. it maintains  archives through CLOCKSS

Adevertisement policies:

It is to be mentioned that we donot courage adveritisement in  the scholarly scitific medical journal hence we do not accept any kind of advertisement.

Publication Schedule and number of article:

Journal publishes on regular Biannual (Two issues/ year) basis and aims to improvise the standard in term of quality and material. Minimum 5 original articles per issue are being published as per HEC Guidelines for Recognition of Publications and journals. We also encouraged publishing case reports, systemic review or short communication/ commentaries and letter to editor.

Targeted audience (who will be able to publish article)

  1. Medical and Dental Post Graduate Students
  2. Researchers of medical field
  3. Faculty of basic medical sciences
  4. Faculty of clinical sciences
  5. Consultant Physicians
  6. Resident Medical Officers
  7. General Medical and dental Practitioners
  8. Medical and Dental Undergraduate Students
  9. Health care administrators
  10. Allied health care professionals

Topic coverage:

  1. Articles on extensive range of basic and clinical medical sciences.
  2. Updates / Advances in the disciplines of dental field.
  3. Continuing education in basic and clinical sciences.
  4. Emerging developments in medical arena
  5. Prevalent diseases in our country and their prevention.
  6. Biomedical ethics.
  7. Current trends in Medical Education
  8. Allied Health related Scientific Research Work

Types of manuscript

  1. Editorial (Invited)
  2. Original Article
  3. Review Article
  4. Short Communication/ Commentary
  5. Opinions/ Perspectives
  6. Case report
  7. Letter to editor
  8. Others (students corner)

Manuscript Submission and publication fees
JAFMDC does not charge the submission & publication fees  of manuscripts

Provision of printed copies to authors: Complimentary copies are provided to all authors of articles published in JAFMDC free of cost

Subscription Details: All subscribers receive free hard copy of journal.

Website/ Online Publication

  • This journal has an active website. http://journal.afmdc.edu.pk
  • Open journal system (OJS): Submission, review and all processing of the articles will be through OJS system. OJS is a journal management and publishing system that assists with every stage of the refereed publishing process, from submissions through to online publication and indexing.
  • Online availability of the updated issues of journal will be assured.
  • The citation record of the journal will be updated regularly on the website.
  • Archives of previous ten years published issues of the journal will be available on the journal website.

Important Links:

  • Ethical Guidelines for Journals Ethical Guidelines For the Editors:


  • How to Interpret Originality Report (Guidelines):


  • Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals.


  • COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers:


  • COPE guideline for retraction can be accessed through following link